Anti-mining in Ecuador: A National Issue

By , March 15, 2012
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UPDATE Friday 16th :  The Correa regime is running TV and huge billboard ads trying to dissuade people from taking part in the anti-mining march. The TV ads discredit the march and the leaders by implying that they are liars, and are taking advantage of the people.  One billboard has the message:  Those who destabilize are COWARDS.  This, knowing full well that the official propaganda has distorted the goals of the march, falsely claiming it’s to destabilize his government (by, supposedly the “invisible empire”, but visible to them somehow).

The anti-mining sentiment has grown exponentially in the past couple of weeks, in part due to the March 5 signing of the accord with Chinese-owned Ecuacorriente that gives them the green light to begin opening the Mirador massive open-pit copper mine in Ecuador’s mountainous Amazon region. The project is riddled with irregularities and illegalities, poorly-made environmental studies, and represents a great danger to the environment and people’s lives, according to a recently released study by E-tech International (http://www.etechinternational.org/2011ecuador/Miradorkuipers3912esp.pdf)

Every day since the start of the protest on the 8th of March, the march grows. It’s really thousands of protesters, nut hundreds as reported below, and definitely not only indigenous and political opponents, but teachers, university students, agricultural groups; campesinos, women’s groups,…  there are dozens if not hundreds  of organizations supporting the protest.  Just in Cuenca the other day, according to the press, 15,000 people were out in the streets supporting the marchers and their cause.  Correa’s government, in a clear show of concern, has called for anti-marches by his loyal followers (some of which, apparently, are forced to demostrate or risk losing their jobs)to confront the marchers coming up from the south . Government media has accused the protesters of being part of a plot to destabilize the government, and of being financed by bankers, the CIA, and even Nato!! (no, Im not making this up).  Correa, meanwhile, has publicly ridiculed the protest and discredited  the main organizers.

On the 22nd of this month, thousands more from all over Ecuador will join the protesters  in Quito to support their causes, which is not limited to the mining issue and . Maybe then, the Correa government will see that the anti-mining sentiment runs deep in Ecuador and,  who knows, it might make the gov. reflect on the monumental crime that entail destroying these biological jewels and polluting rivers and streams for centuries in order to feed the industries of the north (mainly China, who now consumes 40% of the world’s copper)

If only Correa hadn’t become so indebted to the Chinese….

Article follows

Hundreds March in Ecuador for Water Safeguards and Mining Protest

 

 

 

Ecuador March for Water Safety and Mining Protest

Hundreds of demonstrators – both indigenous people and members of the political opposition – began a two-week march from Ecuador’s southern Amazonian region to Quito on March 8 to protest large-scale mining projects and urge the government to safeguard water sources.

The march, organized by the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador (Confederación de Nacionalidades Indígenas de Ecuador, CONAIE), started in El Panguí, in the Amazonian province of Zamora Chinchipe, where the Chinese-owned company Ecuacorriente plans to open the $1.7 billion Mirador copper mine.

About 800 people set out from El Pangui toward Zamora, the provincial capital, and about 400 more joined them along the way, according to Paúl Palacios, director of the province’s environmental office. They expect to arrive in Quito on March 22.

Meanwhile, allies of President Rafael Correa organized a demonstration in support of the government in Quito on March 8. Protest organizers complained that national government officials also refused to grant local buses permission to travel outside their normal routes, making it difficult for the protesters to travel beyond Zamora.

The protesters and local government officials in Zamora worry about possible social, cultural and environmental impacts from the mine, which is located in a mountainous area known as the Cordillera del Cóndor on the Peruvian border. Indigenous groups on the Peruvian side of the Ecuadorian border, not far from Ecuacorriente’s planned Mirador mine, have also been protesting mining companies exploring for gold in the Cordillera del Condor.

That area may have even greater biological diversity than the better-known Yasuní National Park, which has been the focus of an international campaign to stop an oil-drilling project that would affect both biodiversity and several groups of semi-nomadic indigenous people, Palacios said.

One community that included both Shuar people and non-indigenous settlers has been displaced by Ecuacorriente’s Mirador mining project, he said, and provincial government officials worry that the mine will be accompanied by sharp increase in the local population, with a rise in problems such as crime, drug use and prostitution that have accompanied large mining projects in other parts of the region.

The Mirador mine – which will measure more than a mile across and more than half a mile deep – would be Ecuador’s first foray into large-scale mining. President Rafael Correa signed a contract with Ecuacorriente on March 5.

“There has always been very small-scale mining here, but there has never been large-scale mining anywhere in Ecuador,” Palacios said. With the Ecuacorriente contract, the government of President Rafael Correa “plans to usher in large-scale mining, but without a plan for using the resources. We are only a country of raw materials. That does not allow us to overcome our underdevelopment.”

Mining and water issues have been the focus of increasing protest in Latin America in recent years. The march in Ecuador comes a month after small farmers and local government officials from communities in Cajamarca, in northern Peru, marched to Lima, the capital, to protest a large-scale gold mine that was to begin construction in an area of high-mountain lakes and wetlands.

Ecuador’s indigenous movement was a strong political force in the 1990s. Nationwide protests by indigenous organizations led to the fall of the governments of presidents Abdala Bucarám in 1997 and Jamil Mahuad in 2000. The movement was weakened after the collapse of an alliance with former President Lucio Gutiérrez, who was involved in the Mahuad’s ouster and was later elected president 2002.
Indigenous organizations initially supported Correa, who took office in 2007, but political differences also caused that alliance to break down.

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